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Westminster Abbey’s spectacular gothic nave started construction way back in 1245, under the instruction of Henry III. [20], Henry VII added a Perpendicular style chapel dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary in 1503 (known as the Henry VII Chapel or the "Lady Chapel"). The former Benedictine, now collegiate, church … King Henry was doubtless inspired by the work carried out by his brother-in-law, King Louis IX of France, at the Sainte-Chapelle… Here construction stopped in about 1269, a consecration ceremony being held on 13 October of that year,[17] and because of Henry's death did not resume. [4][5] In 1216, Henry III could not be crowned in London when he came to the throne, because the French prince Louis had taken control of the city, and so the king was crowned in the Church of St. Peter in Gloucester (which is now Gloucester Cathedral). [62] The majority of interments at the Abbey are of cremated remains, but some burials still take place – Frances Challen, wife of Sebastian Charles, Canon of Westminster, was buried alongside her husband in the south choir aisle in 2014. The city was founded under the name Londinium as the capital of the Roman province of Britannia, for which it also formed the port of the River Thames. None were buried there until Henry III, intensely devoted to the cult of the Confessor, rebuilt the abbey in Anglo-French Gothic style as a shrine to venerate King Edward the Confessor and as a suitably regal setting for Henry's own tomb, under the highest Gothic nave in England. Some of the lower parts of the monastic dormitory, an extension of the South Transept, survive in the Norman Undercroft of the Great School, including a door said to come from the previous Saxon abbey. [18], In 1535 during the assessment attendant on the Dissolution of the Monasteries, the abbey's annual income was £3,000 (equivalent to £1,850,000 as of 2019). Welcome to Westminster Abbey. The present structure dates from 1245, when … The outer walls and circular piers are of 11th-century date, several of the capitals were enriched in the 12th century and the stone altar added in the 13th century. This work must have been largely completed by 1258–60, when the second stage was begun. [57], From the Middle Ages, aristocrats were buried inside chapels, while monks and other people associated with the abbey were buried in the cloisters and other areas. Pauline Stafford, 'Edith, Edward's Wife and Queen', in Mortimer ed.. Duffy, Eamon & Loades, David (eds.) The building was completed around 1060 and was consecrated on 28 December 1065, only a week before Edward's death on 5 January 1066. [48], King Edward's Chair (or St Edward's Chair), the throne on which English and British sovereigns have been seated at the moment of crowning, is now housed within the Abbey in St George's Chapel near the West Door, and has been used at every coronation since 1308. interior of westminister cathedral - westminster abbey stock pictures, royalty-free photos & images The view from the Triforium of the Great West Door at Westminster Abbey on April 29, 2015 in London, England. [29], It suffered damage during the turbulent 1640s, when it was attacked by Puritan iconoclasts, but was again protected by its close ties to the state during the Commonwealth period. INTERIOR OF HENRY VII. [78] These are virtually contemporary with the Sainte-Chapelle, Paris. 1968-10-10 London, England Photo size: It is one of the United Kingdom's most notable religious buildings and the traditional place of coronation and burial site for English and, later, British monarchs. This grave is the only one in the abbey on which it is forbidden to walk. [19], Henry III also commissioned the unique Cosmati pavement in front of the High Altar (the pavement has recently undergone a major cleaning and conservation programme and was re-dedicated by the Dean at a service on 21 May 2010). Diana's former husband, sons, mother, siblings, a close friend, and a clergyman were present. The old Romanesque nave remained attached to the new building for over a century, until it was pulled down in the late 14th century and rebuilt from 1376, closely following the original (and by now outdated) design.

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